Senators of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Praise USDA for Recognizing the Bay as a Critical Conservation Area

WASHINGTON – DELMARVA Senators Ben Cardin and Barbara A. Mikulski (Both D-Md.), Mark Warner and Tim Kaine (Both D-Va.), Tom Carper and Chris Coons (Both D-Del.), and Senator Bob Casey (D-Pa.) lauded the announcement today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that the Chesapeake Bay Watershed has been officially designated as one of eight Critical Conservation Areas that is eligible for set-aside funding as part of the consolidated Regional Conservation Partnership Program. The RCPP, which was first detailed in the 2012 Farm Bill and passed into law in February 2014 with approval of the Conference Report on the 2014 Farm Bill, benefits the region’s farmers and continues a strong foundation for restoring the health of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. 

“Agriculture is Maryland’s number one industry despite the great challenges, so our farmers understand how valuable a healthy Chesapeake Bay is to our region and our nation. It’s why we fought for assurances that USDA’s conservation programs will continue to provide ample resources to producers in our state to protect the Chesapeake. Keeping these conservation programs robust was a priority for the Chesapeake delegation in the 2013 Farm Bill,” said Senator Cardin, Chairman of the Senate Water and Wildlife Subcommittee. “I will continue to work hard to provide Maryland farmers with the resources they need to continue their responsible efforts to conserve the watershed. Restoring the full health of the Chesapeake Bay requires coordination among all sectors in the region.” 

“The Chesapeake Bay is an integral part of who we are as Marylanders – our heritage, our economy and our culture,” said Senator Mikulski. “Maryland farmers and communities want to stand up for the health of the Bay, but they can’t do it on their own. I was proud to stand with my colleagues to protect this federal investment in the lives and livelihoods that depend on the Bay. I will continue to fight to protect the Bay to sustain jobs and support Maryland’s farmers with the resources they need.”

The Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP), which will receive more than $100 million annually in mandatory funds, emphasizes  cooperation between producers and regional stakeholders to work together to improve the effectiveness of agricultural conservation activities by leveraging non-government funds in support of conservation projects. The RCPP also focuses conservation funds on regions with the greatest conservation needs. 

“With one-third of Delaware connected to the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, it’s critical that we keep supporting efforts to protect and restore the Chesapeake Bay so our children and grandchildren can enjoy it the same way we have for generations,” Senator Carper said.  “We need to continue encouraging common sense land conservation policies as well as measures to help preserve Delaware’s strong agricultural heritage.  That’s why earlier this year I joined Senator Cardin, Senator Coons, and other Mid-Atlantic senators to ensure that the Farm Bill will continue to make resources available to protect the Chesapeake Bay. I’m glad to see those efforts starting to pay off.”

“The Potomac and Susquehanna River watersheds are critical to Pennsylvania’s economy. I’m pleased USDA recognized the significant need for these watersheds and the Chesapeake Bay region to be chosen as a critical conservation area in the Regional Conservation Partnership Program. This program provides important conservation resources to help ensure farmers and foresters continue to thrive, provide Pennsylvanians with local foods and drive the Commonwealth’s economy,” said Senator Casey.

The Chesapeake Bay is the world’s largest and most productive estuary. With a 64,000 square mile watershed and 11,684 miles of tidal shoreline – more than the entire U.S. West Coast – the Bay has been deemed a national treasure by President Obama and his predecessors. It has an economic value over $1 trillion, but that value is dependent on the health of the Bay’s waters and fisheries. Twenty-five percent of lands within the watershed are used for agricultural purposes.

“I am proud that we were able to push the USDA to recognize the importance of the Chesapeake Bay by designating it as a Critical Conservation Area,” Senator Warner said. “This will allow us to continue protecting the Commonwealth’s 3,300 miles of coast, which provide vital economic contributions to tourism, recreation, commercial and sport fisheries, as well as important environmental resources.”

“The waters of the Chesapeake Bay support the livelihoods of thousands in Delaware and millions across our region,” Senator Coons said. “Preserving the health of this vital resource is more than an environmental obligation, it is an economic necessity. With help from the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Delaware farmers have employed effective conservation practices that have significantly reduced pollution in the watershed. It’s critical that these efforts continue under the new Regional Conservation Partnership Program, and I’m thrilled that the USDA will continue to make conservation in the Bay a top priority.”

“I applaud USDA for designating the Chesapeake Bay as a Critical Conservation Area, which will bolster the Bay’s share of federally-funded conservation projects that benefit both farmers and the environment,” said Senator Kaine, who made Chesapeake Bay cleanup and conservation a priority as Governor of Virginia. “I was proud to support the bipartisan farm bill containing these important priorities.”


The Chesapeake Bay Watershed Senators negotiated with Senate Agriculture Committee Chairman Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) and Ranking Members Pat Roberts (R-KS) (2012) and Thad Cochran (2013) to increase the overall funding for the new regional conservation program, as well as improve the set-aside for “Critical Conservation Areas” like the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, and solidify the Bay as a priority within the RCCP. Allocation of the funding is divided between a state competitive process (25%), USDA’s National Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) for projects based on a national competitive process (40%) and projects in up to eight critical conservation areas (35%).

Eligible purposes are projects that would be eligible under Agri­cultural Conservation Easement Pro­gram (ACEP), Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), Conser­vation Stewardship Program (CSP) and a few other NRCS conservation programs designed to preserve and protect water quality and water quantity and forested lands.

Examples of eligible conservation activities include:

  • Water quality restoration or enhancement projects, including nutrient management and sediment reduction
    • Water quality conservation, restoration or enhancement projects relating to surface water groundwater resources including; the conversion of irrigated cropland to the production of less water-intensive commodities, dry land farming; irrigation system improvement
    • Drought mitigation
    • Flood prevention
    • Water retention
    • Air Quality improvement
    • Habitat conservation, restoration, and enhancement
    • Erosion control and sediment reduction
    • Forest restoration
    • Easement acquisition activities associated with wetland restoration and protection or the preservation of working agricultural lands.

Producers may apply for RCPP assistance in several ways: At the producer’s request, a partner may submit the application for participation in a selected project area; directly at their local USDA Service Center in a selected project area; directly at their local USDA Service center in a critical conservation area designated by the Secretary of Agriculture. Pre-proposals are due July 14, and full proposal are due September 26.  For more information, see this link at USDA.